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Trillium

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trillium

Trillium, most commonly known as bethroot, has a long record of historical use. Trillium erectum has dark red flowers (sometimes also white) and a unique smell that attracts carrion flies as its pollinator. There is also rich folklore as a love potion, which makes sense for the passion it elicits in plant lovers. Wake-robin and whip-poor-will flower are also wonderful common names that came about because the trillium blooms with the return of the birds and the peak time for the sound of the whip-poor-will call into the dusk. Trilliums are an essential and iconic spring ephemeral.

American Trillium Species Listed as Endangered, Threatened or Vulnerable

Sessile

  • Trillium decumbens-Tennessee
  • Trillium discolor-North Carolina
  • Trillium lancifolium-Florida, Tennessee
  • Trillium parviflorum-Washington
  • Trillium recurvatum-Michigan​
  • *Trillium reliquum – US, Georgia endangered species list
  • Trillium sessile-Michigan, New York
  • Trillium viride-Illinois, Michigan

Pedicillate

  • Trillium cernuum-Illinois, Indiana, New York, Ohio, Virginia
  • Trillium erectum-Illinois, New York, Rhode Island
  • Trillium flexipes-Maryland, New York
  • Trillium grandiflorum-Maine, New York
  • Trillium nivale-Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin
  • *Trillium persistens – US, Georgia Endangered species list
  • Trillium pusillum-Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee
  • Trillium rugelii -Tennessee
  • Trillium undulatum-Kentucky, Michigan, New York, Ohio
  • Trillium persistens and T. reliquum

* Listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. This is the most critical designation, meaning the plant is in danger of extinction.


SEE RELATED ARTICLE AT THE MOUNTAIN ROSE BLOG
Herb Stories: How We Protect Trillium

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