• banner-top_black-cohosh.jpg
  • banner-top_bloodroot.jpg
  • banner-top_eyebright.jpg
  • banner-top_goldenseal-bloom.jpg
  • banner-top_goldenseal-fruit.jpg
  • banner-top_ladyslipper_orchid.jpg
  • banner-top_lomatium.jpg
  • banner-top_sundew.jpg
  • banner-top_trillium.jpg
spring seeds

user journal of medicinal plant conservation

user goldenseal botanical sanctuary

user sacred seeds

user species at risk assessment tool

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
Prev Next

2015 Spring Seeds for Members: Ramps & Cohos…

02-03-2015 Latest News weatherly

2015 Spring Seeds for Members: Ramps & Cohosh

Don’t Miss Out On Our Annual Seed Opportunity For Members One of the many perks of maintaining your membership with United Plant Savers is being able to participate in our annual SEED and ROOT programs. For this 2015 Spring Seeds for Members, we have chosen Cohosh...

Read more

Planting the Future: Stewardship of Sanctuary, O…

05-11-2014 Latest News

Planting the Future: Stewardship of Sanctuary, October 4, 2014 at the Goldenseal Botanical Sanctuary in Rutland, Ohio.

OCTOBER 4, 2014 RUTLAND, OH The weather was literally 20 degrees warmer with full sun the day before our big event at the Goldenseal Botanical Sanctuary in Rutland, Ohio. We were still in set up mode the evening before as the grumpy cumulus clouds...

Read more

United Plant Savers and Sacred Seeds join forces…

29-10-2014 Latest News

United Plant Savers and Sacred Seeds join forces to expand mission of medicinal plant conservation

OCTOBER 2014, FRONT ROYAL, VA Susan Leopold, Executive Director, United Plant Savers United Plant Savers is thrilled to announce our merger with Sacred Seeds. Sacred Seeds is a global network of sanctuaries preserving biodiversity and plant knowledge through living gardens, containing locally important plants focused...

Read more

American Herbal Pharmacopoeia (AHP) in Collabora…

28-10-2014 Latest News

American Herbal Pharmacopoeia (AHP) in Collaboration with United Plant Savers (UpS) Embarks on  Osha Monograph and Therapeutic Compendium

American Herbal Pharmacopoeia® August 15, 2014 The American Herbal Pharmacopoeia (AHP), in collaboration with United Plant Savers (UpS) as well as noted research botanist Kelly Kindscher of the University of Kansas and other acknowledged experts, is in the process of developing an AHP Monograph and...

Read more

Ginseng Reality TV: Cultivating Conservation or …

20-10-2014 Latest News

Ginseng Reality TV: Cultivating Conservation or Encouraging Extinction?

By Glynis Board of West Virginia Broadcasting For original publication and audio segment click here. OCT 9, 2014 A new reality TV show that features ginseng hunting premiered this week. Smoky Mountain Gold pits four teams against each other to see who can collect the most wild-ginseng...

Read more

A new chapter in the story of Hawaii's sandalwoo…

01-08-2014 Latest News

A new chapter in the story of Hawaii's sandalwood trees has begun, Hana Hou Magazine JULY 2014

JULY 2014 During the Spring of 2014, our Executive Director, Susan Leopold travels to Hawaii to investigate the ongoing sustainability issues regarding the harvest of native Hawaiian Sandalwood and the various mapping, replanting, and conservation projects taking place on the Big Island. During her...

Read more

Planting the Seeds of Mindfulness: United Plant …

31-07-2014 Latest News

Planting the Seeds of Mindfulness: United Plant Savers 2014 Community Grants cycle closes having supported a spectacular season of projects.

JULY 31, 2014 (RUTLAND, OH) Planting the Seeds of Mindfulness: United Plant Savers 2014 Community Grants cycle closes having supported a spectacular season of projects. This was a popular year for United Plant Savers Community Grants program. This program, only available to our...

Read more

Stakeholders Meet for Ginseng Summit, Discuss In…

17-07-2014 Latest News

Stakeholders Meet for Ginseng Summit, Discuss Industry To-Dos, To-Don’ts, Ta-Das

JULY 16, 2014, RUTLAND, OH United Plant Savers was honored to host the 2014 American Ginseng Summit last month at our Goldenseal Botanical Sanctuary in Rutland, OH. Read below for an overview of what was spoken about in regards to safe-guarding wild populations of...

Read more

United Plant Savers welcomes two new members to …

15-07-2014 Latest News

United Plant Savers welcomes two new members to our Board of Directors

July 15, 2014 RUTLAND, OH United Plant Savers is very pleased to welcome two new members to our Board of Directors, Todd Lynch of Ecotropy LLC and Melanie Carpenter of Zack Woods Herb Farm. Todd Lynch is the principal of Ecotropy LLC, a...

Read more

Celebration of Cohosh: September 28th, 2013

Celebration of Cohosh and Woodland Medicinals
September 28th 2013

Here is a preview of the classes...

Teachers and Classes:

Mimi Hernandez ~ Historical Use of Cohoshes by the Eclectics
Caty Crabb ~ Cohosh Analogs in Menopause
Marlene Waechter, CPM ~ Midwifery and Cohoshes
Maureen Burns-Hooker ~ Herbs to Balance Hormones
Sasha White ~ Ecology of Cohosh Walk and Talk Along the Trail
Chip Carroll ~ Cohosh and Ginseng Cultivation, Planting the Future[/B]
Tanner Filyaw ~ Ramps and Woodland Management
Betzy Bancroft ~ Herb Walk
Amanda Vickers ~ Biochemical Economics: Where plant physiology meets human physiology meets ecology
Ed Fletchers ~ Propagation Techniques for Rare Medicinals
Robert Eidus ~ The Future or Wild-Simulted Ginseng in North Carolina
Rebecca Wood ~ Fairy Candles, Rattleweed and Bug Bane – A Folkloric Herb Walk

Sponsored by
Mountain Rose Herbs
Farmacy Natural and Specialty Foods
American Herbalists Guild
Rural Action
Herbal Sage


Cohosh FlyerFINAL Thumb   Cohosh ScheduleBC2013 Thumb
Click below to register for event!   Cohosh Banner http://unitedplantsavers.givezooks.com/events/celebrating-cohosh-and-woodland-medicinals-rutland-ohio
Teacher and Class Descriptions

1) A HOLISTIC APPROACH TO MENOPAUSE: Alternatives to Black Cohosh and the Role of Diet.

Caty Crabb, Maureen Burns-Hooker, Betzy Bancroft

This class will be led by three of United Plant Savers’ favorite herbalists, Caty Crabb from Wildfire Herbs, Maureen Burns-Hooker from Herbal Sage Tea Company, and Betzy Bancroft of Vermont Center for Integrative Herbalism and United Plant Savers. Together, these three professionals will share both their clinical and personal experiences in supporting the female body through the menopause. They will focus on a holistic approach, giving us an array of herbs that can assist with this change even more effectively than Black Cohosh. In this class we will be looking at herbs that can help our bodies adjust to changing hormone levels and alleviate some of the uncomfortable symptoms that can come with menopausal changes. We will be learning about the physiology behind how these herbs help, the role of thyroid, and the limits of focusing too narrowly on estrogen. The use of herbs as food, as well as diet as a whole, will also be discussed in this self-help panel discussion.

Caty Crabb, Clinical Herbalist, Wildfire Herbs

Caty Crabb is a clinical herbalist with a practice inspired by her deep interest in how the human body works, a lifelong love of plants and a desire to help people to feel more capable and empowered in their lives. She is interested in community health, and practices a western constitutional form of herbal medicine with a harm reduction approach. Her formal study of herbal medicine began at the Pacific School of Herbal Medicine in California, in 1994. She has made medicine and helped friends, family and community with herbs since that time. Caty became certified as a clinical herbalist in 2004, from the Southwest School of Botanical Medicine with Michael Moore, and has had her own clinical practice since 2005. Additional studies include classes at the Blue Ridge School of Herbal Medicine, the California School of Traditional Hispanic Herbalism, and the San Francisco Botanical Medicine Clinic. For more information about Caty Crabb’s clinical practice please visit: Caty Crabb

Maureen Burns-Hooker, Owner and Formulator, Herbal Sage Tea Company

Maureen Burns-Hooker, Founder of The Herbal Sage Tea Company, has spent many years of tasting and testing the special blends that make up her professional line of herbal teas. She is an enthusiastic health educator, passionate about sharing recipes of effective herbal infusions as well as how herbs can be integrated into the diet. She brings with her professional experience in the trade of medicinal herbs, as well as personal experience with how herbal medicine and diet can assist and a support a woman’s body and spirit through the menopausal change and the many health problems that can occur during this hormonal and spiritual transition. Maureen is a member of the American Herbalists Guild as well as an avid supporter of the United Plant Savers. For more information about Maureen and the Herbal Sage Tea Company please visit: Herbal Sage Tea Company

Betzy Bancroft, Herbalist, Co-founder and Faculty, Vermont Center for Integrative Herbalism

For the last 10 years, Betzy has been UpS's office manager, but she's also been teaching and practicing herbal medicine for the past twenty years. At the end of this year she will be transitioning into full-time duties with the Vermont Center for Integrative Herbalism, Montpelier, Vermont. Betzy will be contributing her long-standing clinical knowledge as well as her personal experiences as she enters into the menopausal years. Here is a wonderful video about Betzy’s work and commitment to the United Plant Savers and herbal medicine alongside Rosemary Gladstar: United Plant Savers with Rosemary Gladstar and Betzy Bancroft

2) BIOCHEMICAL ECONOMICS: Where Plant Physiology meets Human Physiology meets Ecology

Amanda Vickers, US Botanical Safety Laboratory.

This class will be broken up into three parts. Part one will include a walk in the woods to black cohosh, where teachings will be held covering the traditions of root gathering in other cultures and traditional societies. She will be using the preferred growing habitat of black cohosh as a larger metaphor for its traditional uses. Part two will be covering how phytochemicals are produced and what we know about hormone systems in both plants and people. Part three will be covering the concept of ‘feedback loops’ and how plant medicines work within the human body. An exciting opportunity to learn about socio-cultural traditions, plant chemistry and the human body, and the all-encompassing topics of ecology, cultural preservation, and human health.

Amanda Vickers, Bent Creek Institute and US Botanical Safety Laboratory

Amanda became hooked on biology at the North Carolina School of Science and Math in Durham, NC by a great high school molecular biology, genetics and biochemistry teacher Dr. Noreen Naiman. She applied early decision to Johns Hopkins University where she studied biophysics, art, and natural science, finishing with a bachelor's degree in biology in 2003. A devout passion for foraging and plant medicine brought her back to school, first to Tai Sophia Institute to study herbal medicine, then to Frostburg State University and the Appalachian Center for Ethnobotanical Studies in the Allegany Mountains of western Maryland. Here she completed her research and field work with woodland understory species, with a focus one the chemical ecology of the Appalachian medicinal plant black cohosh (Actaea racemosa). Currently, her primary work interests include contributing to transparency in and stabilization of medicinal plant supply chains as a way to connect market value with responsible ecological stewardship i.e. Fair Trade, organics, EcoCert. Her impressive professional profile can be viewed at: Amanda Vickers

3) HISTORICAL USE OF COHOSHES BY THE ECLECTICS: Traditions in American Herbalism

Mimi Hernandez, MS, RH (AHG)

“Heavy, tensive, aching pain (Scudder); pain characterized as rheumatic-dull, tensive, intermittent, drawing, and seeming as if dependent upon a contracted state of the muscular fibers; soreness of muscular tissues, as if one had been pounded or bruised.” MACROTYS (Cimicifuga racemosa) –Felter’s Materia Medica, 1922. The mid 1800’s to early 1900’s witnessed the rise, fruition, and subsequent descent of the popular American botanical movement termed as “Eclectic medicine.” The Eclectic legacy left behind an enormous body of succinct, specific, experience based documentation relating to American herbs through their vast historic literature, now housed at the Lloyd Library in Cincinnati, OH. Find out how our herbal forefathers revered and used the cohoshes in this historical and insightful presentation.

Mimi Hernandez, MS, RH (AHG)

Mimi Hernandez, MS, RH(AHG) comes from a background as a clinical herbalist, educator, and ethnobotanist. She currently serves as the Executive Director of the American Herbalists Guild. She formerly served as the Director of the Appalachian Center for Ethnobotanical Studies at Frostburg State University where she taught undergraduate ethnobotany courses. In her Appalachian region, Mimi is probably best known for providing cultural heritage outreach to local mountain residents through the Maryland Mountain Herbalist Series and through the West Virginia Mountain Roots Series which put her in contact with thousands of landowners, herbalists, growers, and entrepreneurs in the area. She continues to mentor community herbalists through online courses at One World Community Healing. Mimi draws upon her rich ethnic background & the Granny healers in her life and believes that the handing down of plant wisdom is essential. It is her life's work to advocate for traditional and professional herbal pathways while building cultural bridges of understanding. For more information about Mimi Hernandez and the One World Healing Community please visit: Mimi Hernandez

4) HERBS FOR PREGNANCY: The childbearing cycle, Black and Blue Cohosh and their alternatives

Marlene Waechter, CPN, Traditional Midwives Guild and Ohio Midwife Alliance

With her compassion, vast experience and clinical knowledge, Marlene will be teaching us about the use of Black and Blue Cohosh throughout the childbearing cycle, and what some of the more prolific alternatives may be. She will touch upon the differences between the two cohoshes and their actions and indications for early and late pregnancy, labor, and post-partum. She will also be speaking of the same roles of other herbs such as cottonroot bark, ladies mantle, motherwort, and Dong Quai, inclusive of dosing, cautions, side-effects, and contraindications. With Marlene’s experience, she believes many people think if it is natural & doesn’t require a prescription, it must be safe. But, one must understand the actions & side effects of each herb you use. They are living creatures that demand to be used with love & respect. Misuse can be harmful, possibly even lethal to mom and even more so to baby, if used indiscriminately.

Marlene Waechter, CPN, Traditional Midwives Guild and Ohio Midwife Alliance

Marlene Waechter, CPM has been a homebirth midwife serving southern OH for over 35 years. She lives in Jackson, OH with her husband Terry of 37 years; mother of 7, grandma of 14, & midwife to hundreds. She relies on natural herbal remedies at home & in her practice. Black Cohosh was the very 1st herbal remedy she learned about, 40 years ago, and has been gradually increasing her herbal knowledge ever since. She has written several articles for “Midwifery Today” magazine and has recently published her 1st book, “The Joyful Mysteries of Childbirth” which she co-authored with Faye Deptuch, a midwife from WV. When she isn’t on call for births, (which isn’t often) she likes to go caving. She and her husband are part of a caving club & rescue team out of KY. Although now largely retired from nursing, she keeps up her license so she can be camp nurse at Recreation Unlimited, a camp for the special needs population up in Ashley, OH. That is her yearly working vacation. For a recent article about Marlene and her incredible work please visit: Marlene Waechter

5) THE RAMP (Allium tricoccum): Growing Opportunities for Conservation in Central Appalachia

Tanner Filyaw, Forest Botanicals Specialist, Rural Action

Tanner will be teaching us about the history, culture, and use of ramps in the Appalachian region. His class will cover biological aspects of the species with a focus on cultivation, sustainable harvesting, marketing, and stewardship. Although this class is about ramps, its lessons extend beyond just this species and can be applied to all species of woodland medicinals whose roots are used, bought, and sold within the culinary and medicinal herb trades.

Tanner Filyaw, Forest Botanicals Specialist, Rural Action

Tanner Filyaw is Rural Action’s Forest Botanicals Specialist. From 2005 to 2008 Tanner worked as an AmeriCorps VISTA with the Rural Action Sustainable Forestry program conducting landowner education and outreach around sustainable forestry, land stewardship, and Non-Timber Forest Products. Since accepting a staff position with Rural Action in March 2008, he has continued to act in this capacity, and has conducted many workshops, presentations, and other educational programs for Ohio landowners to help develop sustainable income strategies from forested lands. Additionally, he has worked to train regional partners through the Central Appalachian Forestry Alliance, as well as Natural Resource Professionals about understory utilization as an income opportunity for landowners. Tanner graduated from Ohio University in 2005 with a B.S. in Environmental Geography, with a minor specializing in Environmental and Plant Biology. In his spare time, Tanner experiments with producing forest-grown mushrooms, maple syrup, American ginseng, and a variety of other edible and medicinal forest plants on his property. For more information about Tanner please visit: Tanner Filyaw

6) CONSERVATION THROUGH CULTIVATION: An Overview of Propagation and Cultivation Techniques for At-Risk Medicinal Herbs.

Chip Carroll, Grower and Educator, American Ginseng Specialist, WoodlandWise Botanicals and United Plant Savers

In this class we will be looking at the various techniques and methods that will allow you to grow many of the At-Risk medicinal herbs that so desperately need to be cultivated. Due to increasing demand for many of these herbs, wild populations are becoming more at-risk. Developing sustainably cultivated sources for these herbs is one way to take pressure off of wild-populations while restoring forested habitats and generating supplemental income from your land. We will be focusing on American Ginseng, Goldenseal and Black Cohosh, but will touch on several other important species as well. This class will be in the field where we will look at some of these species being cultivated in both a nursery and forested setting. Participants will learn propagation techniques as well as information on optimal planting conditions, site selection, indicator species, harvesting, marketing and more.

Chip Carroll, Grower and Educator, American Ginseng Specialist, WoodlandWise Botanicals and United Plant Savers

Graduate of Hocking College, Chip Carroll has been avidly invested in the cultivation, sustainable harvest, and market trade of American Ginseng and other woodland medicinals. Outside of his work with American Ginseng, Chip is also the United Plant Savers Sanctuary Manager who is responsible for not only the management and upkeep on the Sanctuary grounds and trail system, but also oversees United Plant Savers Spring internship program. He also leads tours and herb walks throughout the Sanctuary for individuals and groups. His botanical knowledge and species identification skills are phenomenal which places him in the highest regard in terms of medicinal plant educators in our region.

7) NORTH CAROLINA GINSENG ASSOCIATION, a case study of what is taking place in North Carolina as this recently formed group is working towards collaborating and promoting wild-simulated NC ginseng for a local market as well as abroad.

Robert Eidus, President, North Carolina Ginseng and Goldenseal Co. and Owner/Operator of Eagle Feather Organic Farm, NC.

A Tale of Cultivation, Harvest, and the Politics surrounding the trade of American Ginseng and looking towards its future in local agriculture. This class will be a presentation on the newly formed North Carolina Ginseng Association, Robert will speak of his experience in the growth and trade of wild-simulated American Ginseng as well as this newly formed Ginseng growers co-operative, and how the formation of such a co-operative has implications for Ginseng growers and traders across the country.

Robert Eidus, President, North Carolina Ginseng and Goldenseal Co. and Owner/Operator of Eagle Feather Organic Farm, NC.

Nestled in the Blue Ridge Mountains bordering the Pisgah National Forest in Marshall, NC, lays a haven for herbalists, naturalists, and seekers of agri-tourism excellence. The Eagle Feather Organic Farm, owned and operated by Robert Eidus is home to the North Carolina Ginseng and Goldenseal Co. Among their many acclamations, the Eagle Feather Farm has been designated as a Native Botanical Sanctuary by United Plant Savers, and is also a designated North Carolina Nursery by the NC Department of Agriculture. Since 1993, the NC Ginseng and Goldenseal Company has been growing organic medicinal herbs such as ginseng, goldenseal, and a variety of other woodland botanicals in a natural hardwoods cove.

8) Propagation Techniques of Cohosh and other hard to propagate woodland medicinals.

This class will go over both asexual and sexual propagation techniques, this is a wonderful opportunity to learn from Ed FLetcher whose family has been cultivating rare medicinals for decades.

Ed Fletcher, C.O.O. Strategic Sourcing

Ed oversees and manages all the day to day operations at Strategic Sourcing's Botanical Division. These tasks range from working with clients to improve their knowledge and understanding of seasonal supply issues for better decision in purchasing protocols, to developing propagation methods and techniques for our growers to incorporate for better yields, to assisting PA's in fulfilling new supplement formulas. His interests include native plant propagation, sustainable harvesting of native species, and proper planting and cultivation techniques for species of interest. Ed immerses himself with people and groups from around the world, studying their cultures, beliefs, and healing methods. Within this context, Ed educates these groups on techniques to improve propagation of their native medicinal plants and helping them develop sustainable cultivation/production methods so these plants will be around for generations to come. For more information about Ed Fletcher and his important work with Strategic Sourcing, please visit: Ed Fletcher


Sasha White, Herbalist and Educator, fall intern coordinator for United Plant Savers.

This plant walk will take us into the heart of Cohosh habitat. We will visit stands of both Blue and Black Cohosh, discussing their identifying characteristics, habit and medicinal use. Then we will expand our gaze to the other plants we find around them: the rich ecological community of the Cohoshes includes numerous medicinal and edible herbs and trees. A deeper understanding of where the Cohoshes grow can lead us to a deeper understanding of their role as both plants and medicine, of appropriate cultivation and harvest practices, and of the wealth of Appalachian ecology in general.

Sasha White, Herbalist and Educator, United Plant Savers, Sasha White has been studying and working with the native medicinal plants of Appalachia since 2008. Originally trained in visual arts and languages, she was drawn to plants through her love of beauty, form and observation, and the desire to establish relationships with the places she has lived.
She is a certified massage therapist, has studied herbal medicine with a variety of teachers and coordinates the United Plant Savers Intern Program. She is currently completing an apprenticeship with the Columbines School of Botanical Studies focusing on the botany and ecology of medicinal plants in the Cascade Mountains of Oregon.

10) FAIRY CANDLES, RATTLEWEED, AND BUG BANE-A Folkloric Herb Walk, Take a walk on the wild side; Explore the autumn woods in search of our sister cohosh and her many forest friends.

Rebecca Wood, Herbalist and Educator, Hopewood Holistic Health

Bio: MSEd,CNHP, ERYT 500, MFR, practitioner. Rebecca is a retired professor of Natural Resource Management and is currently practicing as a Holistic Healthcare Practitioner focusing on whole plant nutrition, herbal therapeutics and body alignment. She brings 30 years of woods lore and love for our green plant allies to all her clients and classes and to her support of UpS as an educator and advisory board member.

Attached files Flyer-cohosh.pdf (777.5 KB)




June 12-14
International Herb Symposium
Discount for UpS Members
Norton, MA

August 28-30
New England Women’s Herbal Conference
Discount for UpS Members
Newfound Lake, NH

May 1-3
Gaia Gathering for Women
Charlottesville, VA

PO Box 776, Athens, OH 45701
Tel. (740) 742-3455
Email: office@UnitedPlantSavers.org



Sign Up for E-Bulletin News & Announcements

Email Marketing by VerticalResponse

© 2011 - 2015 United Plant Savers. All Rights Reserved. Site Design by Weathervane Graphics, LLC